Chronic asthma or recurrent asthma attacks are called asthma. Hapani usually has a cough with asthma, but in this case, there are other causes of asthma or cough. For example, pneumonia will be absent. Asthma is caused by chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract and swelling of the small airways so that the small airways are always red and sensitive due to inflammation.
If these sensitive small airways come in contact with colds, viruses, or germs or any other substance that causes asthma, reactive contractions occur in these airways, causing narrowing of the airways and obstruction of breathing.
Asthma is an allergic disease. It is also hereditary. This disease is especially tricky when exhaling, and there is a wheezing sound inside the chest.
Asthma can strike at any age, but it is more common in young boys and girls and older people. Like high blood pressure, diabetes, etc., it is possible to control asthma. However, a complete cure by treatment is not possible.
- Many times the exact cause of anger is not known.
- Allergies- Allergies can cause asthma. If you are allergic to dust, sand, flower pollen, animal lame, feathers, different types of food such as hilsa fish, beef, eggplant, eggs, etc., you may get asthma if you come in contact with or play with them. Blankets, carpets, linen clothes can be the cause many times.
- Hereditary – If a person has a history of asthma, he or she may have asthma.
- Respiratory Infections – Smoking can lead to asthma.
Allergies also thicken the mucous membranes inside the airways and cause the airways to constrict. As a result, the airway through the airways becomes narrower. The sound of the flute is interrupted when the wind blows out of this narrow path.
It is challenging to breathe narrowly. At this time, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs cannot be at a certain level.
As a result, there is a lack of oxygen in the body, and the lips turn blue. Also, the mucus accumulated in the airways. Also, the mucus accumulated in the airways Coughing constantly to get out.
Signs and symptoms
1. Difficulty breathing
The main symptom of asthma is short-term shortness of breath. It is more difficult to breathe than to inhale. The pressure is felt inside the chest. The patient may lie down, sit down and lean forward to breathe. Shortness of breath can occur at any time. However, it is more at night, especially on the last night. Breathing difficulties can last from a few hours to a few days.
2. Whistling sound:
The whistling sound goes inside the chest. This sound is evident when the stethoscope is placed on the chest. Acute infections can go away without a stethoscope. Noise is more during breathing.
3. The muscles on both sides of the neck swell with breathing.
4. The muscles of the chest cage go inwards. For those who have had this disease for a long time, the shape of the chest cage becomes much like a barrel. That is, both sides become pressed, became round.
5. Coughing may be accompanied by white or yellow phlegm.
Types of discrimination:
The patient has a sudden shortness of breath. Breathing is usually the sound of breathing. When it gets better, there are no signs of the patient.
It is a symptom of episodic asthma that persists year after year. Never. But even in good times, there is some amount of breathing difficulty. Cough mucus mixed saliva, and recurrent respiratory infections are seen. Rhonchi is also seen when there are no other symptoms of the patient.
Acute Severe Asthma:
This type is very deadly. This can lead to the death of a person from asthma.
Symptoms & Sign of Acute Severe Asthma
- The pulse rate suddenly exceeds 120 beats with the pulse paradox and then decreases.
- I can’t finish saying the whole sentence together.
- May have central cyanosis.
- Weakness, blood pressure first rises and then decreases.
- Silent chest.
Treatment of Acute Severe Asthma:
In case of sudden severe asthma, the patient should be rushed to the hospital. Until
The following management can be taken until it is taken to the hospital.
- The person has to sit or lie down on the pillow in the most comfortable position of his choice. Care should be taken to ensure that there is fresh air around the patient. It is not possible to crowd the lake with disease patients.
- One dose Inj. Hydrocortisone, 200 mg IV should be given.
- If you have a nebulizer, you should give salbutamol or use salbutamol and corticosteroid inhalers.
- If possible, high flow, high concentration oxygen should be given.
Send the patient to the hospital immediately.
Management of chronic asthma:
People with chronic or chronic asthma are more or less aware of their diseases. Therefore, the medical management can fix the patient, knowing the history of the patient, examining and looking at the previous prescriptions. If the patient has not been prescribed by a specialist before, he should be referred to a specialist.
Asthma with fever or infection should be treated with antibiotics. Experts divide the treatment of asthma into different stages according to the severity of the patient. At first, the patient is processed at the scene at which the symptoms of diseases disappear. Then the dose is gradually reduced, and the higher phase (milder) medication is given.
In this case, salbutamol and steroids are usually given for a long time with the help of inhalers.
- According to the patient experience, the reason (weather, exceptional food, environment, etc.) increases the tension of asthma; the patient should stay away.
- People with chronic diseases need to keep salbutamol inhalers with them at all times.
- Using steroid inhalers can help keep asthma free for a long time.
- The patient needs to be kept away from smoking and all kinds of smoke.
- Asthma can be transmitted through blankets, carpets, bedspreads, house sweeps, dogs, cats, rabbits, etc., so stay away from these.