It is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus. It is caused by a virus called Varicella Zoster. The infection spreads through the breath, sneezing, and coughing, in contact with the patient’s used clothes. Anyone can get chickenpox
in 2 to 3 weeks after the germs enter the body. Usually, children under the age of 10 are more affected, but adults are more likely to have complications.
Signs and Symptoms:
- At the beginning of the disease, there is a slight fever, headache, and a rash on the face. Within a day or two, red spots or lumps appear on the body.
- They swell into six blisters, and a red tinge is seen around the blisters.
- There is severe itching at the site of the blisters and severe pain all over the body.
- After 4/5 days, the blisters rupture and dry out.
- The red spot or cocoon rises in the middle of the body (chest, armpits, abdomen, back) and spreads to the sides, so it is more on the body and then spreads to the face and head, less on the hands and feet.
- The disease is contagious from the day before the rash develops to the next seven days, so the disease is more likely to spread to others during this time.
- The patient has too much itching,, and itching can cause pus to accumulate in some of the fossae.
- The spots on the blisters are also slowly removed.
- It takes fifteen days to a month to fully recover.
- Sometimes it takes longer for the stain to heal completely.
- Complications of this disease are usually less in children.
- Skin infections by associated bacteria.
- Inflammation of the flesh of the heart (myocarditis) and
- Flow to the brain (encephalitis).
- The patient should be kept separate from others until the full rest and fall peeling.
- All kinds of nutritious food should be eaten regularly (many people increase the complications by forbidding the people to eat fish, meat, especially pickled fruits unnecessarily at this time).
- If the itching is severe, antihistamines can be taken, and if it is more, calamine lotion should be applied to the body. If any type of infection occurs, antibiotics should be considered.