Diphtheria is a deadly but preventable disease. The disease is caused by a bacterium called Caymebacteriumph diphtheria. Diphtheria is spread in the air by the shadow, breathing, or sneezing of a child with diphtheria. Diphtheria occurs within 2-7 days of the germs entering a healthy body (unless vaccinated).
Again, many children have the virus in their throats all the time, who do not get the diseases themselves but spread the rash among others, like the racists, they are called the carriers of the conditions. The patient is caused by a reaction to toxins secreted by germs. The death rate from this rage is 5 to 25 percent. People of all ages can be infected if they are not vaccinated, but the disease is more prevalent among children and adolescents. The primary symptom of diphtheria is a sore throat.
So any of the people, especially children, when talking about a sore throat, must think about diphtheria. And
If the disease is suspected, it should be identified as soon as possible through laboratory tests. Diphtheria disease mainly affects the tonsils, nose, throat, and trachea, but can also affect other parts of the body such as the eyes, skin, and genitals.
Symptom & Sign:
- The symptoms of diphtheria depend on where the germs have settled.
- Frequent colds, such as diphtheria, start with a cough, fever, and sore throat. Jobs are not very much; the body is mesmerized; the patient does not eat properly, becomes very weak, does not play sports. Within 2-1 days of sore throat, a yellowish or grayish skin or membrane forms on the back of the throat, and a reddish tinge appears around it. Which is an essential symptom of this disease?
- If the palate is inside the mouth, the taste becomes numb. As a result, no person can swallow even water. Liquid food comes out through the nose.
- If there is a disease inside the nose, a membrane may fall on the nose, or cold may flow from it, and sometimes water may come out by mixing blood.
- When the larynx is a disease condition, it is difficult to speak; the voice becomes muffled and coughs.
- The patient in the respiratory tract causes difficulty in breathing due to the screen and can even lead to death by suffocation.
- Diphtheria in the tonsils causes sore throat or swelling of the throat, enlargement of the glands in the throat. Toxicity is not limited to the tonsils. Gradually it spread in different directions. As the disease continues to grow, the lymph nodes in the throat swell, and all the throat swells down the throat, making it look a lot like a bull’s throat.
- These severe symptoms appear within 10 to 12 days of the onset of anger.
- The veins move fast and irregularly.
- Blood pressure may gradually decrease. If the speech is too low, the angry person may become unconscious.
- Diphtheria can attack the heart and nervous system. As a result of being infected, the veins move at first fast, then irregularly. At some point, the heart stops beating, and the patient may die.
- As a result of the attack on the nervous system, various organs become numb. When the chest muscles and other limbs that help the breathing become numb, the breathing stops, and the diseased person falls to his death.
- Tonsil examination: Since diphtheria is more common in tonsils, the two tonsils should be scrutinized. Tonsils affected by diphtheria will be slightly darker or gray. The membrane that falls on the tonsils cannot be smoothly oiled; blood is shed when it is lifted.
- Laboratory tests: Diphtheria germs are tested with saliva from the throat, especially spit from the tonsils, using a sterile cotton swab.
- It is essential to apply antioxidants as soon as possible to neutralize the diphtheria virus. Therefore, as more quickly as diphtheria is suspected, the patient must be sent to the nearest hospital.
- The patient should be rested in a separate room.
- The baby should be given warm water, adequate drinks, and food from time to time.
- If there is a possibility of suffocation due to blockage of the membrane in the throat, trachelectomy may be required to keep breathing.
- To prevent diphtheria, the baby should be vaccinated with three DPTs every month, starting at one and a half months after birth.
- Diphtheria can be prevented by giving one dose of DT at 18-24 months and another dose of DT at five years of age.
- Other children should be kept away from disease contact. If the germs of this disease are not detected in the saliva test (culture) twice in a row, then there is no need to separate the patient.
- Everyone who comes in contact with diphtheria diseases, whether they have been vaccinated or not, must take erythromycin for seven days. It is important to note that those who have not been treated are showing signs of the patient.