Dysentery is so well known in our country that many people diagnose and treat it themselves. A doctor’s advice is not needed. The mango with the stool. As soon as you go, you think that you have amassed and take the medicine of the most popular metronidazole group for a couple of days and believe that you are intelligent. But dysentery is a type of diarrhea in which blood is seen with thin stools. In other words, there is no relation between diarrhea and not having mango in the mall.
Dysentery is caused by an intestinal infection caused by bacteria in most cases. It is usually caused by 5/6 types of bacteria, one of them being Shigella bacteria. Dysentery caused by amoebae occurs in older boys and girls but is less prevalent in children under five years of age.
There are two types of diarrhea. As their causes are different, so are the symptoms and treatment of the patient.
The difference between the two diarrhea?
1. Amoebic dysentery-
- Only the lower abdomen (right side) usually has pain.
- There is pain before defecation.
- There is no fever
- There is less blood in the stool and more mucus (mango)
2. Bacillary dysentery-
- All have abdominal pain
- There is pain before and after defecation.
- The patient is a fever.
- There is more blood in the stool. The stool is sometimes flushed with water.
This disease is caused by an infection of a type of parasite called Entamoeba histolytica in the large intestine of the digestive tract. The condition can be sudden, severe, or chronic.
How it is transmitted:
The Entamoeba histolytica parasite forms a covering around it and travels on land and water. Through contaminated water, inadequate food, etc., the parasite enters the stomach and goes to the place near the septum of the colon and removes its outer covering. The parasite grabs the mucous membrane of the large intestine.
At this time, a kind of harmful juice is secreted from the body of the parasite, which breaks down the mucous membrane. And this broken mucous membrane is wounded by the attack of pests. The mucous membranes begin to fall off. And the fallen part of the mucous membrane comes out with the stool, which we call mango. There is a pain in the lower abdomen. Especially on the right side of the lower abdomen. This is because Sigela is located on this site, which is the main target of the parasite attack.
Signs and Symptoms:
- The patient suddenly frequent thin stools (usually less than ten times a day)
- Mucus or ‘mango’ is too much with the stool, and blood goes.
- There is a pain in the lower abdomen when the right side of the lower abdomen is pressed; the patient gets shocked.
This disease is widespread in different parts of the country and is responsible for many deaths. Shigellasis is another name for bacillary dysentery. The condition is caused by a bacterial infection called Shigella.
How it is transmitted:
People of any age and any gender can be affected by these diseases. But 2 to 5-year-old children are more affected by this disease. The disease-germs are transmitted to food and drink through flies. Drinking contaminated food and drink can lead to the disease. Shigella germs enter the human stomach and pass through the stomach goes to the small intestine.
There the germs reproduce and cause sores in the colon. The membrane swells and turns red. The layer is covered with pus, and the wound is healed. They are bleeding from this wound with a slight injury. So the blood goes with the stool.
Symptom & Sign:
- Sudden onset of thin stools (usually more than ten times a day).
- The disease can cause abdominal pain and cramps.
- The patient has a fever, and the temperature can rise to 102-103 degrees.
- The pulse is fast and gentle.
- Frequent bowel movements result in dehydration and weakness.
- Saline (equivalent) should be taken after rest and every time after going to the toilet.
- Eat more soft and nutritious foods that are easily digested (sweet rice, bananas, egg whites)
- Drink plenty of fluids (such as boiling water, food saline, sherbet, coconut water, rice starch, etc.).