A vast number of Children Die every year due to Environmental Pollution:
According to a new report by the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1.7 million children under the age of five die each year due to environmental pollution. That is, one in four children dies.
The deaths are due to unsafe water, lack of sewerage system, lack of cleanliness, and indoor and outdoor air pollution.
“Polluted environments are one of the leading causes of death.”
“Because even then their body parts continue to develop, and their natural immune system is not fully functional.
However, the report noted that the most common causes of infant mortality were preventable.
- For example, diarrhea, malaria, and pneumonia are the leading causes of death in children under five. But it was only hanging mosquito nets, providing clean cooking, and clean water that can be prevented.
- In the case of air pollution, smoking indoors harms children and increases their risk of pneumonia. Also, it can cause various respiratory diseases like asthma.
- Air pollution can also cause heart disease, stroke, and cancer.
According to the WHO, more than 90 percent of the world’s people breathe in toxic air.
The report cites the first five causes of death in children under the age of five
1. Respiratory Tract Infections:
About 5 lakh 60 thousand children die of the disease due to indoor and outdoor air pollution and second-hand smoke.
About 3 lakh 71 thousand children die of diarrhea due to lack of clean water, sanitation, and hygiene.
3. Death in the first month of life:
About 2 lakh 80 thousand children die in the first month of life due to environmental pollution.
Around two lakh children die of the disease in the world every year.
5. Death in an unintentional accident:
Every year two lakh children in the world die due to poisoning, falling, or drowning.