Hepatitis-C is a deadly disease of the liver. A virus called Hepatitis-C causes this disease. It destroys liver cells, causing inflammation in the liver, which develops into liver cirrhosis within 10-12 years.
Why is Hepatitis-C called the silent killer?
Because most of the patient does not show any symptoms of this disease, the patient does not understand that he has this disease. As the patient progresses, he realizes that he has a hepatitis-C infection as soon as he develops cirrhosis of the liver. Hepatitis-C infected people develop liver cirrhosis within 10-12 years of the disease. The Hepatitis-C is a silent killer.
How many people are infected with Hepatitis-C in the world today?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 160 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C. About 30-40 lakh people are suffering from this disease every year. Currently, the number of people infected with hepatitis C in the world is four times the number of people infected with AIDS.
The number of people infected with hepatitis C in several countries of the world is as follows:
India: 3 crores,
Pakistan: 11 million,
Egypt: 14 million,
United States: 4 million
How is hepatitis-C spread?
This disease is mainly spread through blood transfusions. For this, the hepatitis-C test must be done before taking the blood of others. The same shaving razor, razor, also removes this disease through the use of more than one person. That is why one should not use shaving razor, razor, blade, etc. Even if more than one person uses the same syringe, there is a possibility of getting this disease.
Hepatitis-C has become an epidemic in Egypt as a result of the use of the same syringe in more than one person to vaccinate against cystosemiasis (a type of worm this disease). Can hepatitis C be spread through sexual contact? The chances of getting this disease through sexual intercourse are very negligible. Can hepatitis C be transmitted from mother to fetus? Hepatitis C is less likely to be transmitted from mother to fetus.
Can hepatitis C spread this disease in social interactions with the patient? Social gatherings (handshakes, hugs) do not spread this disease. Even the patient does not spread through the use of this disease, such as glasses, spoons, clothes, etc. Only those items that come in contact with the patient blood (blades, razors, toothbrushes) can spread the patient.
Why is it essential to diagnose hepatitis C at an early stage?
This is because delays in diagnosing this disease also lead to deterioration of liver function, and later in 10-12 years, severe complications like liver cirrhosis or cancer develop. Also, if caught late, the chances of recovery through treatment are significantly reduced. That is why it is imperative to diagnose the patient at an early stage.
How is hepatitis C infection diagnosed?
The presence of ALT and anti-HCV in the blood is needed to detect early viral infections. For this, two tests were done with a little blood from the patient body. If the patient is initially Hepatitis-C positive, an HCV-RNA test and, in some cases, a liver biopsy are needed to determine the stage of the infection and the condition of the liver.
Why is it essential to prevent hepatitis C?
Because hepatitis C causes a severe deterioration in the quality of life of the patient, followed by severe liver disease.
Such as: causes liver cirrhosis and cancer. Although it is now possible to cure this disease through effective treatment, it is essential to prevent this disease as the treatment is expensive.
What should be done to prevent hepatitis C infection?
Blood donors should have a mandatory hepatitis C test. Hepatitis C virus-free blood should be used for blood transfusions or the production of hemoglobin (platelets, plasma). This type of analysis should be made mandatory in the case of organ transplantation. Shaving in the salon should be avoided. Disposable syringes should be used in all cases during the injection.
Is it possible to recover from hepatitis C through treatment?
Yes. Hopefully, healing from Hepatitis C is now possible with appropriate treatment. The purpose of therapy is to stop the destruction of liver cells and to free the body from the virus. The only effective treatment, in this case, is the use of pegylated interferon.
What should Hepatitis C sufferers do?
Urgent treatment should be taken under the supervision of a liver specialist. Blood transfusions, organ transplants, corneal transfusions, and salon salvage should be avoided.