Kidney failure can occur in two ways. Such as sudden renal failure or acute renal failure and chronic renal failure or chronic renal failure.
Acute Renal Failure:
The kidneys can suddenly become useless. This condition is called acute renal failure. Acute renal failure for all those reasons. What happens is described below-
- Excess water and salt in the body with bowel movements and vomiting.
- If there is excessive bleeding from the body due to any reason.
- In the case of malignant nephritis.
- Medications are taken in the corners that have side-effects on the kidneys.
Such as aspirin, phenytoin, allopurinol, etc.
- If the kidney ducts on both sides are blocked by stones or other reasons.
- If the blood is infected by germs.
- If an abortion is performed by an ignorant midwife.
Treatment & Prevention:
- If there is a sudden decrease in the amount of urine or if the urination stops, the patient should be referred to an experienced doctor immediately.
- If excess salt and water are expelled from the body along with vomiting and bowel movements, the patient should be given food saline.
- If the amount of urine suddenly decreases after taking any medicine in the corner, you should immediately stop the medicine and take the advice of an experienced doctor.
- If you have decreased urination after excessive fever or diarrhea, you should consult a specialist.
Chronic Renal Failure:
If the following is not a quick and proper treatment for the patient, the kidneys can gradually become useless due to the prolongation of the disease. This condition is called chronic renal failure.
- Nephritis or inflammation of the kidneys
- Diabetic kidney disease
- Kidney disease caused by high blood pressure
- Kidney stone disease.
- When the prostate gland becomes enlarged
- Polycystic kidney disease.
The patient should be referred to a hospital or specialist.
If the mentioned disease continues for a long time, it makes the kidneys useless. Once in these diseases, it usually continues throughout life. Therefore, these patients should follow the advice of the doctor for the rest of their lives. For example, the treatment of diabetes and high blood pressure has to be done throughout life. With the proper treatment of these two diseases, the kidneys work well for a long time.