Dry malnutrition: Marasmus
Prolonged lack of nutritious food can lead to marasmus. Usually, children under one year of age are more likely to run error. From the period of 5 months onwards, if the baby is given an adequate amount of nutritious food along with breast milk, his marasmus will not get the disease.
Healthy nutritious foods include rice, potatoes, bread, pulses, oil, fish, meat, eggs, milk, vegetables, fruits, etc. The baby’s body weight is 70% or less of the normal weight. The weighted point of the baby sits below the 3rd line in the growth chart.
Symptom & Sign:
- The baby’s body does not grow appropriately with age.
- Weight is less than 70% of normal weight.
- There is no fat under the skin; the skin of the body becomes dry and loose.
- The skin becomes dull, and the risk of infection increases.
- Sometimes the hair turns brown or pale.
- The eye goes into the hole or inside.
- The mood is irritable.
- The pelvic bones are very common, and the abdomen is usually swollen.
- According to older people, thin stools, colds, coughs, ear infections, skin infections, etc. are often seen.
- A child suffering from marasmus should be fed plenty of energy and non-vegetarian food. For example, potatoes, bread, pulses, molasses or sugar, chutney or big fish, bean sprouts, milk, vegetables, seasonal fruits, and, if possible, meat, eggs, and milk must be fed.
- Oil must be added to baby food to increase energy.
- Khichuri should be cooked with rice, pulses, vegetables, fish, meat or eggs, oil, salt, and eaten again and again. The baby should be breastfed for up to two years.
- If the patient is marasmus, the child’s digestive power decreases. Yes, that’s why you have to eat small meals again and again. Later the child should eat as much food as he can eat 5 to 6 times a day.
- If the mentioned treatment does not improve the patient.
- This disease is accompanied by other complications such as respiratory infections, other inflammations, sores, diarrhea, etc.
- If the patient is severe, it is advisable to send an adequate amount of energy and non-vegetarian food to the nearest hospital or experienced doctor every day.