Mumps is a viral infectious disease. Paramyxo-Virus causes mumps. It is spread from one person to another through respiratory infections, sneezing, coughing, and infectious substances. The virus enters the body of healthy children and others through the mouth and nose. The dormancy of mumps is about 2 to 3 weeks. This disease is more common in winter and spring.
It usually attacks the parathyroid glands of the cheeks. Still, it can cause complications by invading the pancreas glands inside the abdomen, the testicles of boys, the ovaries of girls, and the brain. Attacks the submandibular glands and mumps below the jaw.
Signs and Symptoms:
At the beginning of the patient, there is usually headache, sore throat. After a day or two, the parotid gland, the salivary glands under the jaw and chin become swollen, and it is painful to swallow some chewing gum. The glands on one side of the right or left corner may swell, usually on both sides. The glands swell together.
When the glands swell entirely, it seems that it is pushing the ear lobe outwards. Redness and swelling are also seen inside the mouth where the parathyroid gland is located. Within three to four days of the onset of the disease, the salivary glands become most swollen and then gradually begin to swell. Orchitis with pain and swelling of the testicles may occur. Abdominal pain may be seen for pancreatitis and Euphoritis (inflammation of the ovaries in girls).
- Mumps, usually at a young age or later, can lead to inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) and edema of the ovaries in girls. Children are less likely to get these mumps if they have mumps.
- May cause pancreatitis (symptoms: severe abdominal pain, vomiting, flatulence, etc.)
- Inflammation of the brain (meningitis) can occur.
- The patient should be kept separate until full rest and swelling subsides.
- Eat nutritious liquid, hot food. Cold food cannot be eaten in the fridge.
- Paracetamol should be given according to age and weight for fever and pain.
- Hot toast can be given to reduce the pain in swollen cheeks.
- To keep the inside of the mouth clean, rinse with lukewarm water and salt several times a day.
- If the testicles are affected, the testicles should be pulled lightly to prevent them from sagging. At this time, corticosteroids work well.
- If complications (if the brain or pancreas is affected) should be referred to a specialist for treatment.
- There are vaccines against mumps.
- Usually m. The vaccine available under the name MMR is an anti-rabies vaccine for mumps, measles, and rubella.
- The disease is contagious from 2 days before the cheek swelling and until the cheek swelling is completely gone. Other children should be kept away from the rage until the cheeks are swollen.