Tuberculosis is a contagious disease that mainly affects the lungs. Tuberculosis is the most common form of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, tuberculosis can occur elsewhere in the body besides the lungs.
Tuberculosis can also occur in the lymph nodes, bones, and joints, intestines, the lining of the heart, and meninges.
The bacterium responsible for tuberculosis is called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a type of bacteria. This bacterium comes out with the phlegm of the patient and enters the lungs of other lakes through the air, causing diseases.
Many times the TB germs enter the human body through the raw milk of infected cows and cause these diseases. So it is not safe to drink milk. Tuberculosis can occur at any age. Tuberculosis is closely related to the poor and low quality of life. Malnutrition and overcrowded housing contribute to the spread of diseases. Lack of awareness and prejudice are the main obstacles to resisting these diseases.
Signs and Symptoms:
- The patient suffers from whooping cough for a long time.
- The gradual loss of appetite, weight loss, and slight fever in the evening.
- If not treated properly, towards the end of the cough with bleeding, water accumulation in the lungs, shortness of breath, chest pain, etc., various symptoms can occur.
- In children, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss are common symptoms. Very few children get blood with a cough.
Although tuberculosis fever usually increases in the afternoon and at night, any type of common fever can be mistaken for diseases. In many cases in our country, tuberculosis is mistaken for typhoid. Tuberculosis should be suspected if the fever lasts for more than three weeks, even after extensive treatment. Prolonged sore throat or hoarseness can also be a sign of tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis can be suspected to be caused by the signs and symptoms of the patient and the presence of infected diseases around it. In this case, how many tests have to be done.
These are happening-
- Chest x-ray,
- The patient sputum test,
- The patient blood test.
The cough test is the most important. Because of the virus of tuberculosis is found in the phlegm, it is direct proof of these diseases. A cough that lasts for more than three weeks must be checked. It is also possible to detect tuberculosis by looking at X-rays of the patient’s chest.
Tuberculosis cannot be treated without correctly identifying diseases because the treatment of these diseases is long-lasting and expensive. Therefore, only after correctly identifying the conditions and ultimately confirming the disorders should be treated.
There was a saying in the old days that “whatever is tuberculosis, there is no protection.” But now he is no more. Tuberculosis is completely cured by taking regular doses and specific medications.
However, since it has been treated for a long time, it is not possible to cure this disease without taking regular medicine and the concerted efforts of the health workers. Find out the potential conditions in the same room or among the neighbors and give the same diseases again if proper treatment is not given. There is a possibility of being infected.
1. Identify the diseases and send them to the nearest health center and complete the course of medicine.
2. BCG vaccination as soon as the baby is born.