Top UTI Tips: Urinary Tract Infection Guidelines 2020:
Kidney Structure and Function Anatomy and Physiology of Kidney- A kidney is a very important part of our body. The kidneys excrete waste or bad substances in the blood. The human body has two kidneys. These two tortoises on either side of the spine on the very back wall of the abdomen above the waist location.
According to bean sprouts, each kidney is about 12 cm long and 6 cm wide. The kidneys weigh about 140 grams in an adult lake.
Each of the two kidneys contains about 1 million nephrons. A lot of work according to the filter. The two main parts of the nephron are the glomerulus and the renal tubule. The constant biochemical processes that take place in our body produce large amounts of contaminants and acids. With the help of the kidneys, these contaminants and acids are excreted in the urine.
Not only that, someone may have consumed too much water, too much salt; The kidneys excrete this excess water and salt with the urine. Again, in particular, no one is able to drink enough water or salt. In that case, the kidneys store salt and water and send it to the blood. In a word, the kidneys are not filtered. This filter problems occur only when the cause is damaged.
The common kidney diseases in our country are regular-
- Urinary tract infections.
- Nephrotic syndrome.
- Kidney stone disease.
- Kidney failure or renal failure.
Symptom & Sign:
There are many types of kidney disease and its symptoms are also different. The main symptoms of kidney disease are mentioned-
- Swelling of the face, hands, feet, or whole body
- Decreased amount of urine
- Going blood or protein with passing urine
- Urinary incontinence, frequent urination, lower abdominal or lower back pain, and cape fever
- High blood pressure and anemia
- Stones come out with urine
- Excessive urination at night, loss of appetite, nausea, body itching, etc.
Causes of Kidney Diseases:
- If you have diabetes for a long time
- Suffering from high blood pressure for a long time
- Inflammation of scabies and tonsils
- If more than one urinary tract infection
- If you have polycystic kidney disease
- If there is a blockage in the urethra
- Kidney problems can occur with diarrhea, snake bites, burns, a sudden drop in blood pressure, or side effects of over-the-counter medications.
Urinary Tract Infection: UTI
- Infections of the organs that make up the urinary tract are called urinary tract infections (UTIs). Urinary tract infections can be divided into two types.
- Infection of the lower part of the urinary system. For example- urinary tract and urinary tract infections.
- Infection of the surface of the system. For example- pyelonephritis i.e. infection of kidney and ureter.
Infections of the lower part of the urinary system:
The lower part of the urinary tract contains the bladder and urethra. The infection of these two together is called infection of the lower part of the urinary tract. Separate urinary tract infections are called cystitis and urinary tract infections are called urethritis. The causes and symptoms are almost the same.
It is usually caused by bacteria called E. coli, Cetropotokkakai, and Staphylococcus aureus. Urinary tract infections are very common in girls. Because the urethra of girls is short, the urethra and urethra of girls are very close, many girls use dirty, ragged and dirty clothes during menstruation. The chances of infection are also high.
Signs and symptoms:
- Sudden onset of frequent urination and urination
- Irritated in time
- Pain in the lower abdomen during and after urination
- Intense desire to urinate even after urination is over
- Feeling pain when you put pressure on the lower abdomen
- The color of the urine is dull and foul-smelling
- Occasionally there is bleeding with urination
- There may be fever, chills, and shivering.
If not treated in time, the infection can spread to the kidneys and can lead to kidney damage.
- A routine examination of urine is required.
- Cultural sensitivity of urine can be seen.
The patient should be told to drink plenty of water.